The main wreck itself lies 16 miles southwest of Cape Hatteras, North Carolina in the NOAA designated Monitor Naitonal Marine Sanctuary, lying upside down, tilted at an angle to starboard. Gun Deck for the CSS Virginia (formerly USS Merrimac), RG 19, DASH 76-2-45. “Johnson, Brown, follow me. Two more intruders sprang over the sides. However, the previous night secessionists had sunk light boats between Craney Island and Sewell's Point, blocking the channel. Virginia's commanding officer, Flag Officer Franklin Buchanan, arrived to take command only a few days before her first sortie; the ironclad was placed in commission and equipped by her executive officer, Lieutenant Catesby ap Roger Jones. This is the first fight between the ironclads. Virginia measured 262 feet in length with the casemate being 178 feet long at a sloping angle of 36 degrees. Over the two day battle, the Federal navy suffered 261 killed and 108 wounded in its struggle with the Virginia – more killed and wounded than any other sea battle in American history at that time. Smash the wooden blockade! On 20 April, before evacuating the Navy Yard, the U. S. Navy burned Merrimack to the waterline and sank her to preclude capture. Digital reproduction of blueprint drawing. How hardy? He shivered; the icy water had reached his knees. The salty Elizabeth River water and the addition of tons of iron armor and pig iron ballast, added to the hull's unused spaces for needed stability after her initial refloat, and to submerge her unarmored lower eves, only added to her engines' propulsion issues. With the right chemistry, he could search out the hidden and lay it bare. Williamson, eyes fixed on the intruders, pointed backward. Empty it into a beaker and heat up the stove. . CSS Virginia wreck site Approximate location of the remains of the CSS Virginia. Digital reproduction of blueprint drawing. Water swirled around Williamson’s ankles. The next day, it engaged in the first battle between ironclads when it engaged USS Monitor. Iron-hulled sidewheel steamer of 680 tons, stranded on the wreck of CSS Georgiana while attempting to run the federal blockade into Charleston. She had burned only to the waterline; her machinery remained intact. The remains of the USS Monitor lie in two different locations. Sketch of the CSS Virginia (outboard profile), RG 19, DASH 81-12-2B, NAID: 12007683 . Those desiring to purchase will please address D. A. UNDERDOWN, Wrecker, care of Virginian Office, Norfolk, Va. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}36°54′25″N 76°20′37″W / 36.90694°N 76.34361°W / 36.90694; -76.34361, For similarly named ships, the southern U.S. commonwealth of Virginia, and other uses, see. She had been rushed to Hampton Roads, still not quite complete, all the way from the Brooklyn Navy Yard, in hopes of defending the force of wooden ships and preventing "the rebel monster" from further threatening the Union's blockading fleet and nearby cities, like Washington, D.C. While the surviving crewmen of Congress were being ferried off the ship, a Union battery on the north shore opened fire on Virginia. Now, for the Confederacy and the charred Merrimack, the time had come. The CSS Virginia is placed in a dry dock for repairs. Raise it up? For centuries men believed Africans were the beasts of burden, but now nature showed them their error. The CSS Virginia was an ironclad warship of the Confederate States Navy. There’s mer-folk all around it, maybe hundreds of’em . Williamson and top-hatted servant sat alone in a private sail launch. 2). Although the Confederacy renamed the ship, she is still frequently referred to by her Union name. On May 8, 1862, Virginia and the James River Squadron ventured out when the Union ships began shelling the Confederate fortifications near Norfolk, but the Union ships retired under the shore batteries on the north side of the James River and on Rip Raps island. Fact #1: The CSS Virginia and USS Monitor were not the first ironclad warships, but they were the first ironclads to battle against one another. The entire South buzzed with the speculation: have they sided with the Federals? Water streamed around his feet, soaked through his shoes, his feet icy cold. The CSS Virginia: once the fifty-eight-gun frigate Merrimack, burned and scuttled in a panic by the Federals at Norfolk Navy Yard when Virginia seceded. Your email address will not be published. Ready to avenge herself! As Cumberland began to sink, the port side half of Virginia's iron ram was broken off, causing a bow leak in the ironclad. Mammals, then—warm-blooded, young-nursing . When the Commonwealth of Virginia seceded from the Union in 1861, one of the important federal military bases threatened was Gosport Navy Yard (now Norfolk Naval Shipyard) in Portsmouth, Virginia. In response to the construction of a Confederate ironclad, the US Navy also began … In no time it would scramble up the side again. If this all pans out, I’ll make you a free man. This forward and aft main deck and fantail were designed to stay submerged and were covered in 4-inch-thick (10 cm) iron plate, built up in two layers. The CSS Virginia, on the other hand, suffered just two killed and a dozen wounded in its fight with the Union navy. The Captain, violin in his lap, was calculating how long the journey would take if he manipulated the western Atlantic winds to gust full force into his sails, how much liquor he would have to boil and pipe up topside in order to do this, and if what remained Buchanan’s undershirt would suffice to lead him to the wreck’s exact location. Still no movement from Daniel, but Williamson knew he was breathing it in. They re-armed her with ten guns, a seven-inch pivot-mounted rifle at each end, a battery of two six-inch rifles and six nine-inch smoothbores, and an iron ram fixed to her bow. Daniel, as he nearly always did, paused before answering, as if to let the question sink into his mind where the answer would formulate itself and rise to his consciousness. Even so it did not lose its grace, but twisted around in time to plunge in feet-first. So I was only the first to get this idea. The Merrimack served in the Caribbean and was the flagship of the Pacific fleet in the late 1850s. Additional information. CSS Virginia’s wreck was largely removed between 1866 and 1876. But the ironclad developed mechanical problems when a errant chain from the nearby CSS Richmondbecame entangled in her propeller, and she could no longer participate in the battle. CSS Virginia’s wreck was largely removed between 1866 and 1876. Daniel reached down the ladder and gave the Captain a hand up. Now, for the Confederacy and the charred Merrimack, the time had come. His desk was the size of a door and littered with sheet music. COMMENTdocument.getElementById("comment").setAttribute( "id", "a1b78f60dd1d83932b582725636fad9f" );document.getElementById("aafaa9564d").setAttribute( "id", "comment" ); Designed by Elegant Themes | Powered by WordPress. He almost, but did not quite see, the eyes—enormous, bigger and whiter than any merman’s, below the surface where the sunlight did not penetrate. This immense RELIC WEIGHS 1,340 POUNDS, wrought iron, and as a sovereign of the war, and an object of interest as a revolution in naval warefare, would suit a Museum, State Institute, or some great public resort. Footsteps outside the door, striking the deck together, like men marching. Preliminary sketch designs were submitted by Lieutenants John Mercer Brooke and John L. Porter, each of whom envisaged the ship as a casemate ironclad. Virginia. The Captain frowned. The battle is chiefly significant in naval history as the first battle between ironclads. Unfortunately for the Union, the execution of these orders was bungled on April 20. The Union's biggest threat lived in Hampton Roads. Perhaps, at the cost of its ironclad, the South could transform like the Merrimack itself. After the crew was evacuated, the ship was set afire, detonating the 16,000 pounds of black powder in the ship's magazine. Williamson leaned out and saw mermen hoisting themselves up from the sea, streaming water that sparkled in the sun. He clattered down the ladder, burst into his cabin. Williamson replaced the cap on the telescope. The rest appeared to relax. There are no reviews yet. And when Williamson got close enough to bring his own talents to bear . What about the Union’s Monitor, France’s La Gloire and others? There are no reviews yet. Accordingly, orders were sent to destroy the base rather than allow it to fall into Confederate hands. . Sketch of the CSS Virginia (outboard profile), RG 19, DASH 81-12-2B, NAID: 12007683 . Their skin, oyster-white, reminded him of sperm whales—did layers of blubber warm them as well?—and hair black as the depths, streaming over their shoulders or down their backs. On March 8, Virginia inflicted severe losses on Union naval forces at the Battle of Hampton Roads. No, not like Daniel’s…how far ahead could they see? He saw America, and Confederate America, as they were now; he saw the guns and the burning ships; and he saw ironclads, new Monitors with double turrets, and the Southern rams. Weight: 1.0 lbs: Dimensions: 12 x 24 x 3 in: Reviews. A patch of white water appeared there, as if stirred up from below. He wondered if, by then, even a sorcerer could make much of a difference. “Mr. Two of the rifles, the bow and stern pivot guns, were 7-inch (178 mm) caliber and weighed 14,500 pounds (6,600 kg) each. Since Virginia was now a steam-powered heavy battery and no longer an ocean-going cruiser, her pilots judged her not seaworthy enough to enter the Atlantic, even if she were able to pass the Union blockade. Something like wisps of steam curled up from the stained deck and shattered glass. Williamson had read of these also, a species like electric eels or undersea suns, appearing always to burn. Williamson stiffened. The 9-inch Dahlgrens were mounted three to a side; each weighed approximately 9,200 pounds (4,200 kg) and could fire a 72.5-pound (32.9 kg) shell up to a range of 3,357 yards (3,070 m) (or 1.9 miles) at an elevation of 15°. . And on March 8, 1862—ten days ago—the Virginia, along with the gunboats Beaufort and Raleigh, set out from Gosport Navy yard up the Elizabeth River. Williamson spoke another phrase and they went rigid. The casemate was 6-inch iron plate and her armament in 1865 consisted of six guns (Fig. Josiah . On August 13, the Virginia II participated in the attack on the Union forces at Dutch Gap. There were four gun ports on each broadside; their protective iron shutters remained uninstalled during both days of the Battle of Hampton Roads. Cupping a hand to his mouth, he shouted: “Hey there, gente del mar!”. The mermen knew. Additional information. The first Union ship to be engaged by Virginia was the all-wood, sail-powered USS Cumberland, which was first crippled during a furious cannon exchange, and then rammed in her forward starboard bow by Virginia. John Ericsson, a Swedish-American inventor, introduced a plan, which caught their attention. These were not the otter-playful humanoids sighted by Columbus and countless whalers. More whiskey in the beaker; thicker fumes. One had an amber label, one green. [8] Virginia retired to the Gosport Naval Yard at Portsmouth, Virginia, and remained in drydock for repairs until April 4, 1862. Virginia's battery consisted of four muzzle-loading single-banded Brooke rifles and six smoothbore 9-inch (229 mm) Dahlgren guns salvaged from the old Merrimack. Would they shrivel up if kept out of the water too long—would it be necessary, perhaps, to wet them from time to time? USS Monitor and CSS Virginia meet at Hampton Roads, VA. “Daniel. By now the white swarm covered her completely, and she accelerated to a speed faster than her normal six or seven knots, churning up a fearful wake as she sped away, past the Sewell’s Point battery and out to sea. Water boiled all around the ironclad, as if suddenly heated, and creatures like albino swimmers swarmed up over the casemate. 2:00 AM The Virginia steams across the mouth of the Elizabeth River from Sewell’s Point to Craney Island and is grounded. “I know why, sir. After raising, restoration, and outfitting as an ironclad warship, the Confederacy bestowed on her the name Virginia. The detailed design work would be completed by Porter, who was a trained naval constructor. Daniel was standing, in a sweat now. On March 8, 1862, the CSS Virginia (ex-USS Merrimack) steamed out of the Elizabeth River and into the waters of Hampton Roads to attack the Federal fleet. Virginia made several sorties back over to Hampton Roads hoping to draw Monitor into battle. The CSS Virginia Attacked the Union Fleet at Hampton Roads On the morning of March 8, 1862, the Virginia steamed from its mooring and began to attack the Union fleet anchored off Hampton Roads, Virginia. Most had gotten away safely, at least. Hope they help.”. Timeline: • 1984: French Navy mine hunter Circe discovers CSS Alabama’s remains while conducting operational exercises off Cherbourg, France.French Navy Commander Max Guerout later confirms the wreck’s identity. He spoke, then shouted, his captives thrown into disarray, clanking and splashing to the deck and struggling there as if losing all sense of balance. USS Maugus and her gunboats joined in th… He found the slave topside. Virginia Civil War Naval Battle", Roads to the Future – I-664 Monitor-Merrimac Memorial Bridge Tunnel, List of ships of the Confederate States Navy, Shipwrecks and maritime incidents in 1862, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=CSS_Virginia&oldid=996526306, Ironclad warships of the Confederate States Navy, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, In 1907, an armor plate from the ship was melted down and used in the casting of the, Starting around 1883, numerous souvenirs, made from recently salvaged iron and wood raised from, Thomas, Campbell R., and Flanders, Alan B., (2001), This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 03:22. However, because of the ironclad's 22-foot (6.7 m) draft (fully loaded), she was unable to get close enough to do any significant damage. The other two were 6.4-inch (163 mm) cannon of about 9,100 pounds (4,100 kg),[6] one on each broadside. 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