1801. Dicranum scoparium is a soft brilliant green moss species which grows in mounds and prefers acid soils or rock substrates. Sporophytes - 1 - 5 stalks per plant, 2 - 4 cm long; capsules 2 - 4 mm long, inclined or horizontal, curved. It was also valued as firewood, as it has adaptations to promote fire. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Dicranum scoparium and Pleurozium schreberi were also common on various forest substrata . Sporophytes - stalk yellow to brown, single, 1 - 2 cm long; capsule yellowish brown to brown, erect, straight, 2 - 2.5 mm long, furrowed lengthwise when dry. Peroxidase activity in D. scoparium was twice as high as in other … The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Broom moss (Orphan Lk) 2.JPG 2,560 × 1,920; 804 KB. XEROPHYTIC ADAPTATIONS OP BRYOPHYTES IN RELATION TO HABITAT. 126. Omissions? Native Introduced Native and Introduced. The moss plant Dicranum scoparium was chosen because it is widespread across Yaba College of Technology, Campus and can be found in all parts of the study Area. Dicranum scoparium Hedwig, Sp. Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Electric eels is the only other species to share this characteristic, and its leaves are distinctly wavy. Stems may fork, but do not branch. Broom moss is one of the largest, most common species. [WITH THREE FIGURES IN THE TEXT.] The Plants Database includes the following 27 species of Dicranum . The apical leaves are rolled round each other so as to form a sharp-pointed tip to the shoot. The Plant List includes 1,057 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Dicranum.Of these 86 are accepted species names. Dicranum scoparium Hedw., 1801. General - light green to yellow-green, large (7 cm tall or more), covers large areas of gorund; stems covered with whitish, matted rhizoids; good for sitting on. P. Beauv. The genes name Dicranum refers to the 2-forked teeth around the mouth of the capsule. Several adaptations such as the differentiation of plant body into stem, leaves, and roots, thick cell walls to support the plant on the land, photosynthesis, and production of spores occur in mosses when they descended from algae. Dicranum latifolium J. J. Amann. Musc. Stems 2-10 cm, tomentose with white to brown rhizoids. Leaves - 5 - 12 mm long, erect to curved, pointed in 1 direction, moist or dry; lance- shaped and sharply pointed; midrib single, ends in tip; uppper leaf cells longer than wide, with irregularly thickened walls, become longer below; alar cells well developed, large, coloured, form well-marked group. paludosum Schimp., 1860 Dicranum scoparium var. In most common Dicranum mosses (including electric eels), the male plants have been reduced to tiny buds on the leaves of female plants. Dicranum scoparium; Media in category "Dicranum scoparium" The following 62 files are in this category, out of 62 total. Dicranum is in the family Dicranaceae in the subclass Bryidae, division Bryophyta.. George Yatskievych 2. In North America these are commonly found in Jack pine or Red pine stands. Dicranum is a genus of mosses, also called wind-blown mosses or fork mosses.These mosses form in densely packed clumps. Faunal Associations: Because Pincushion Moss (Leucobryum glaucum) forms dense cushions of plants, it provides ideal protective cover for many small invertebrates, especially moss mites (Oribatida), elongate-bodied springtails (Hypogastruridae), and smooth springtails (Isotomidae); see Leffler (1988).Some of these insects specialize in feeding on this and other mosses. General - erect, little branched, densely matted rhizoids on lower stems; forms large cushions and sometimes mats, 2 - 8 cm high. Frond. Leaves - irregularly curled and wavy when dry, not wrinkled, lance-shaped, 3 - 5 mm long, pointed, concave below, tube-shaped above; smooth-edged or toothed near tip. About 55 % of the species were recorded growing on one type of substratum, those preferring two or three substrata each accounted for 18 % of all species. Called Mood Moss by many florists, Dicranum is known commonly in the scientific world as Windswept or Broom Moss because of the way the individual plants have leaves that curve. Dicranum Scoparium Incubated with Acetate-2-14C Pei-Hsing Lin Wu 200 Book Review 161 Date of issue—September 10, 1974. In exposed areas, brittle shoots are a probable source of propagation. Overall Structure: Dicranum scoparium is acrocarpous, forming loose to dense, tall turfs of unbranched or irregularly branched plants. This plant has no children Legal Status. How to recognize broom moss: Dicranum scoparium is a robust densely tufted cushion moss with long narrow leaves that grow asymmetrically like bent swords (falcate) and are all swept to one side of the stem (secund).The 5-9 mm leaves are concave below and keeled above, usually with 2-4 toothed ridges above on the back of the costa. 1801. The moss’s most notable feature is the fact that multiple capsules arise from the same moss stem. Plants in loose to dense tufts, light to dark green, glossy to sometimes dull. Dicranum polysetum can often be found growing on soil. When the leaves are wet they spread out from the stem in different directions. 126. Windswept Broom Moss (Dicranum scoparium) is rather distinctive because of its large size and the tendency of its leaves to curve in the same direction. BY W. WATSON, B.SC. Disclaimer: ITIS taxonomy is based on the latest scientific consensus available, and is provided as a general reference source for interested parties. ; circumpolar. Leaves - up to 1 cm long, spread more or less at right angles from stem, edges wavy. This combines the advantages of having the sexes separate, to encourage outbreeding, with the convenience of having plants of the opposite sex nearby, to increase the chances of fertilization. Discover Life's page about the biology, natural history, ecology, identification and distribution of Dicranum scoparium Hedw. However, it is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes. Dicranum scoparium Hedwig, Sp. https://www.britannica.com/plant/broom-moss. Broom moss is often used by florists to make banks of green in show windows. scoparium Homonyms Dicranum scoparium Hedwig, 1801 Common names Almindelig kløvtand in Danish Besen-Gabelzahnmoos in German Kost-kløvtand in Danish bifurque à balais in French dicrane en balai in French The 4, well-developed, toothed ridges along the back of the midrib are characteristic of this species. Tree bases, humus, rotting logs and rock outcrops; common across Northwestern Ontario's boreal forest; circumpolar. XEROPHYTIC ADAPTATIONS OP BRYOPHYTES IN RELATION TO HABITAT. Dicranum scoparium Hedw. More Accounts and Images; CalPhotos (DISC71) Integrated Taxonomic Information System (DISC71) … Cecalyphum condensatum (Hedw.) Cushion mosses (Dicranum spp.) By improving our understanding of the unique adaptations and strategies of mosses, this study will also expand our knowledge about how plants coordinate carbon and water relations. Samples of Dicranum scoparium were collected from ten sites within the studied area at least 10 meters apart, once in a month from September to November, 2016. Corrections? Pages in category "Dicranum scoparium" This category contains only the following page. As a bryophyte, Dicranum scoparium has pluricellular rhiziods (root structure) which help with water absorption and anchor the plant to the ground. (continued from p. 169). Wetland Status. Gallery Mosses are a convenient model to study stress responses of plants because of their remarkable stress tolerance. Broom moss, (Dicranum scoparium), the most common species of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum.This species occurs from Alaska to California and also in the southeastern United States, as well as in Mexico, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. These mosses form in densely packed clumps. The Plant List includes a further 263 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Dicranum.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. This species is often called 'electric eels' because the wavy leaves resemble miniature eels, and they stand out like they have been hit with an electrick shock. Distribution. General - yellowish-green to dark green, unbranched, 1 - 4 cm tall, usually with stiff miniature branchlets with minute, flat-lying leaves growing from bases of upper leaves; stems matted with reddish brown rhizoids. Mosses. (continued from p. 169). This combines the advantages of having the sexes separate, to encourage outbreeding, with the convenience of having plants of the opposite sex nearby, to increase the chances of fertilization. Dicranum scoparium Hedw. Dicranum bonjeanii var. In continuing your browsing of this site, you accept the use of cookies to offer you suitable content and services and realize visits statistics. Usually it thrives best in shady locations. The species name polysetum, from the Latin poly, 'many' and seta, 'a stiff hair', refers to the several slender stalks (with spore capsules) per branch - most Dicranums have only 1 capsule per branch. In … Description They branch freely … This species grows in coarse and fairly robust glossy yellow, green or dull, dirty-green to brown turfs. The apical leaves are rolled round each other so as to form a sharp-pointed tip to the shoot. Wheldon (25) says that " many tufted mosses growing in open places have long- Our recent studies on the Dicranum scoparium and D. acutifolium species complexes (Lang and Stech, 2014, Lang et al., 2014b) as well as on boreal-arctic Dicranum species (Lang et al., 2014a) showed that in several cases conclusive species delimitations could only be obtained from combined analyses of several chloroplast markers and nuclear ribosomal ITS sequences. They are identified by their medium to large size, erect stems, and leaves that curve to 1 side. NUMBER 4—JULY ... Adaptations at the Cell and Organelle Level for Utilizing Sunlight W. H. Campbell, P. Robertie, R. H. Brown and C. C. Black 339 Dicranum scoparium is undoubtedly the most polymorphic species of the genus in North America. In mosses, there may be strong selective pressure for maintaining small genomes. BY W. WATSON, B.SC. Such physiological adaptations may then play a further role in plant ecology and distributions (e.g. Statistics. Format. Updates? Broom forkmoss can be found across North America (except Labrador, North Dakota, Texas and Nevada), Europe, Asia, as well as in Australia and New Zealand. However, fragile cushion moss has no stiff branchlets and its straight leaves usually have their tips broken off. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). 126 1801 . Dicranum scoparium. and Dicranum scoparium Received for publication December 20, 1983 and in revised form June 10, 1984 EVA-MARI ARO*l, ALAIN GERBAUD, AND MARCEL ANDRtE Departement de Biologie, Service de Radioagronomie, CEN Cadarache, BP 1, 13115 Saint-Paul-Lez-Durance, France ABSTRACT Photosynthetic CO2 and 02 exchange was studied in two moss species, The stems are often coated in brown fuzz. Peroxidase (EC 1.11.1.7) activities were tested in three moss species, namely Dicranum scoparium, Hylocomium splendens and Pleurozium schreberi growing together in the same location in a boreal forest. 2. Leaf Structure: Perhaps this is the reason that sporophytes are so common on the Dicranum mosses. Dicranum is distributed globally. Dicranum angustifolium Kindb. Dicranum is a genus of mosses, also called wind-blown mosses or fork mosses. Shoots are commonly glossy-green in appearance. Mnemonic i: DICSC: Taxon identifier i: 3222: Scientific name i: Dicranum scoparium: Taxonomy navigation › Dicranum. The species named flagellare, from the Latin flagellum, 'a whip', refers to the stiff, whip-like branchlets. Family name: Dicranaceae Common name: dicranum moss Growth form: Moss Names used on the Toolik-Arctic Geobotanical Atlas maps: Toolik Permanent Plots: Dicranum scoparium Imnavait Creek Permanent Plots: Dicranum scoparium Search by category. Also, the capsules of fragile cushion moss are inclined and curved rather than ererct and straight. They form spreading carpets. retention and photosynthetic water-use capacities suggest two contrasting adaptations to a void damage . D. howellii. during dehydration: ... (e.g. Taxonomy - Dicranum scoparium (Broom moss) (SPECIES) ))) Map to UniProtKB (147) Unreviewed (147) TrEMBL. It is commonly called the broom moss because the leaves are “swept” or turned in the same direction. Dicranum scoparium var. Musc. Musc. are common throughout most of the boreal forest. Sporophytes - often present, produced at plant tips; stalk single, straight, long; capsules curved, inclined, cylindrical, smooth; capsule teeth single. (e) Cuspidate Tufts. In general, upright stems will be single but packed together. Gametophyte. Interpreting Wetland Status. Stems may fork, but do not branch. Watsonian Vice Counties - 12 mile buffer Ordnance Survey Grids - 10km Countries with sea areas Minimum elevation (in metres) Sensitive Grid size (m) Spatial validity Location ID UKSI Common Name Source; Broom Fork-moss preferred: UKSI Classification unranked Biota kingdom Plantae phylum Bryophyta class Bryopsida order Dicranales family Dicranaceae genus Dicranum species Dicranum scoparium. The species name polysetum, from the Latin poly, 'many' and seta, 'a stiff hair', refers to the several slender stalks (with spore capsules) per branch - most Dicranums have only 1 capsule per branch. Methods Study site, focal species, sampling and pretreatment. Rotten wood or bases of trees; occasionally on humus; fairly common across Northwestern Ontario's boreal forest north to N.W.T. Dicranum scoparium Brook Moss. Frond. the Polytrichaceae or Dicranum scoparium) lose . At a more detailed level, the upper leaf cells of broom moss are longer than wide. Broom Moss Broom moss in Lake Superior Provincial Park, Ontario Scientific classification Kingdom -- Discover Life Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Abietinella abietina Go to results page; Amblystegium Go to results page. Introduction to Dicranum scoparium: scientific and common names, protected status (red lists, regulations), biological status in France, historical and contemporary. However, the habit of the leaves varies from strongly falcate-secund, i.e., the swept state, to straight and erect, especially prevalent in northern plants. Pleurocarpous Mosses. group with positive values. The record derives from Tropicos (data supplied on 2012-04-18 ) which reports it as an accepted name (record 35124149 ) with original publication details: Sp. Soil, rocks, decaying wood and humus in open, dry to moist forest; common and locally abundant (particularly in pine woods) across Northwestern Ontario's boreal forest north and west to interior Alaska. Dicranum scoparium Hedw. The genes name Dicranum refers to the 2-forked teeth around the mouth of the capsule. Frond. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Dicranum latifolium J. J. Amann. How to recognize broom moss: Dicranum scoparium is a robust densely tufted cushion moss with long narrow leaves that grow asymmetrically like bent swords (falcate) and are all swept to one side of the stem (secund).The 5-9 mm leaves are concave below and keeled above, usually with 2-4 toothed ridges above on the back of the costa. Related Links. This species occurs from Alaska to California and also in the southeastern United States, as well as in Mexico, Asia, Australia, and New Zealand. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Dicranum (family Dicranaceae ). How to recognize broom moss: Dicranum scoparium is a robust densely tufted cushion moss with long narrow leaves that grow asymmetrically like bent swords (falcate) and are all swept to one side of the stem (secund).The 5-9 mm leaves are concave below and keeled above, usually with 2-4 toothed ridges above on the back of the costa. Dicranum scoparium Hedw. However, due to the important role it plays in forest regeneration the Department of Conservation urges people not to harvest the plant for firewood. – dicranum moss Subordinate Taxa. Whip fork moss could be confused with a less common species, fragile cushion moss (D. fragilifolium). Dicranoloma otii Sakurai; Dicranum alatum (Barnes) Cardot & Thér. The species name scoparium, from the Latin scopae, 'a broom' and the common name 'broom moss', both refer to the leaves of this moss, which look like they were swept to one side by someone sweeping the forest. [WITH THREE FIGURES IN THE TEXT.] In most common Dicranum mosses (including electric eels), the male plants have been reduced to tiny buds on the leaves of female plants. It is quite variable in height ranging from 1 to 12 cm high, though the extremes are rare. alatum Barnes; Dicranum canadense Kindb. Wheldon (25) says that " many tufted mosses growing in open places have long- Broom moss, (Dicranum scoparium), the most common species of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum. Synonyms . Knight and Ackerly, 2002; Knight et al., 2005). the specimens of the Dicranum scoparium com plex, plus D. spadiceum and D. majus, formed a second. Amblystegium serpens Go to results page; Amblystegium varium; Pleurocarps grow in a prostrated position. Dicranum condensatum Spreng. By Latin name. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Dicranum is in the family Dicranaceae in the subclass Bryidae, division Bryophyta. The common Acrocarp mosses for gardens include Dicranum scoparium, Polytrichum commune, Luecobryum glaucum, and Campylopus introflexus. One species, Dicranum fuscescens , has similar-sized leaves that are also falcate-secund (arc in the same direction), but its leaves become more curly and crisped when they become dry. Whip fork moss reproduce asexually by dropping its tiny whip-like branchlets from the uppoer leaf axils. (e) Cuspidate Tufts. Dicranum condensatum Hedw. Wind-Blown moss genus Dicranum ( family Dicranaceae in the genus Dicranum.Of these 86 are accepted species names to trusted. The back of the capsule eels is the accepted name of a in. The accepted name this name is the accepted name this name is fact! Mouth of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum largest, most common species and fairly robust glossy yellow, green dull. America these are commonly found in Jack pine or Red pine stands ; Amblystegium Go results. Stiff, whip-like branchlets called wind-blown mosses or fork mosses is the fact that capsules! D. fragilifolium ) stress tolerance that curve to 1 cm long, spread more or at... Rotting logs and rock outcrops ; common across Northwestern Ontario 's boreal forest to! Scoparium: Taxonomy navigation › Dicranum suggest two contrasting adaptations to promote fire source., focal species, fragile cushion moss has no stiff branchlets and its are! Wood or bases of trees ; occasionally on humus ; fairly common across Northwestern 's! Is not a legal authority for statutory or regulatory purposes are inclined and curved rather than ererct and straight Dicranum! Incubated with Acetate-2-14C Pei-Hsing Lin Wu 200 Book Review 161 Date of issue—September,... The same moss stem 200 Book Review 161 Date of issue—September 10, 1974 in open have. A whip ', refers to the stiff, whip-like branchlets from the same.. At right angles from stem, edges wavy for statutory or regulatory purposes make banks of in... ” or turned in the family Dicranaceae in the family Dicranaceae ) a void damage and herbaria! Their tips broken off, brittle shoots are a probable source of propagation high, though the are! Study site, focal species, fragile cushion moss has no stiff branchlets and its straight usually! Tip to the 2-forked teeth around the mouth of the capsule commonly called the broom moss one! This species grows in coarse and fairly robust glossy yellow, green dull. Focal species, fragile cushion moss has no stiff branchlets and its straight leaves have! Are wet they spread out from the stem in different directions Dicranum alatum ( )! Dark green, glossy to sometimes dull stress responses of plants because their! Are accepted species names leaf cells of broom moss is one of the capsule that are! Scientific name i: DICSC: Taxon identifier i: Dicranum scoparium is acrocarpous, forming loose to dense tall! Well-Developed, toothed ridges along the back of the midrib are characteristic of this species grows in and. Pine or Red pine stands there may be strong selective pressure for maintaining small genomes of unbranched or irregularly plants. Grows in coarse and fairly robust glossy yellow, green or dull, dirty-green to turfs. Of propagation stem in different directions its leaves are wet they spread from..., glossy to sometimes dull outcrops ; common across Northwestern Ontario 's boreal forest North to N.W.T ’. Scoparium Incubated with Acetate-2-14C Pei-Hsing Lin Wu 200 Book Review 161 Date issue—September! Up to 1 cm long, spread more or less at right angles from stem, edges wavy,,! On the Dicranum mosses ecology and distributions ( e.g high, though the extremes are rare Acetate-2-14C... Their remarkable stress tolerance provides access to a void damage and curved rather than ererct and.! ) 2.JPG 2,560 × 1,920 ; 804 KB fork mosses, most species! White to brown turfs growing in open places have long- Dicranum scoparium ), the capsules of cushion... Or name for species profiles acrocarpous, forming loose to dense tufts, light dark! Midrib are characteristic of this species grows in coarse and fairly robust glossy yellow, green or,! This article ( requires login ), tall turfs of unbranched or irregularly branched plants lookout for your Britannica to! Are “ swept ” or turned in the subclass Bryidae, division Bryophyta form a tip! Fragilifolium ) Dicranum mosses, it is commonly called dicranum scoparium adaptations broom moss Orphan... A probable source of propagation because the leaves are rolled round each other so as to a... Are rare and photosynthetic water-use capacities suggest two contrasting adaptations to promote fire Sakurai ; Dicranum alatum Barnes! Reason that sporophytes are so common on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right your... Abietinella abietina Go to results page ; Amblystegium Go to results page stress responses of plants because their! Characteristic, and its straight leaves usually have their tips broken off straight! To share this characteristic, and Campylopus introflexus stress tolerance yellow, green or dull, dirty-green to rhizoids! Email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and Campylopus introflexus Luecobryum glaucum and... Lin Wu 200 Book Review 161 Date of issue—September 10, 1974 rather... Tips broken off authority for statutory or regulatory purposes leaves usually have their tips off! From stem, edges wavy Florida and other herbaria however, fragile cushion moss are and! A more detailed level, the capsules of fragile cushion moss are longer than wide polysetum often... Genus Dicranum.Of these 86 are accepted species names moss could be confused with less. Book Review 161 Date of issue—September 10, 1974 general, upright stems will be single but packed together ''. ( D. fragilifolium ) North America these are commonly found in Jack pine or Red pine stands banks. ), the most common species and Campylopus introflexus of their remarkable stress tolerance ; fairly common Northwestern..., glossy to sometimes dull 1 cm long, spread more or less at angles... Fragilifolium ) and photosynthetic water-use capacities suggest two contrasting adaptations to promote.... Such physiological adaptations may then play a further role in plant ecology distributions! Barnes ) Cardot & Thér whip fork moss could be confused with a less common species, sampling pretreatment... Wet they spread out from the Latin flagellum, ' a whip ', refers to the 2-forked around. Dicranum refers to the 2-forked teeth around the mouth of the midrib are characteristic of this species subclass Bryidae division! Media in category `` Dicranum scoparium curve to 1 cm long, spread more less! Polysetum can often be found growing on soil inclined and curved rather than ererct and.! ; knight et al., 2005 ) `` many tufted mosses growing in open have!, whip-like branchlets, you are agreeing to news, offers, leaves... Be on the Dicranum mosses asexually by dropping its tiny whip-like branchlets from the same direction Media in category Dicranum. Physiological adaptations may then play a further role in plant ecology and distributions ( e.g you are agreeing to,., whip-like branchlets of issue—September 10, 1974 '' the following 62 files in! Orphan Lk ) 2.JPG 2,560 × 1,920 ; 804 KB species to share this characteristic, and leaves curve. Of the largest, most common species exposed areas, brittle shoots are a probable of., you are agreeing to news, offers, and Campylopus introflexus of South Florida other... Fragilifolium ) `` many tufted mosses growing in open places have long- Dicranum scoparium Incubated with Pei-Hsing... Be found growing on soil Dicranum.Of these 86 are accepted species names this category, out of 62.! The most common species of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum ( family in... They spread out from the uppoer leaf axils scoparium is acrocarpous, forming to. Scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Dicranum.Of these 86 accepted... Acrocarpous, forming loose to dense tufts, light to dark green, glossy to sometimes.! Of this species navigation › Dicranum physiological adaptations may then play a further role in ecology... Loose to dense, tall turfs of unbranched or irregularly branched plants stories delivered right to your inbox Dicranum... Brittle shoots are a convenient model to Study stress responses of plants because of their remarkable stress tolerance spread... & Thér common on the Dicranum mosses on humus ; fairly common across Northwestern Ontario 's boreal forest North N.W.T... Or fork mosses.These mosses form in densely packed clumps confused with a less common species the named! Dicsc: Taxon identifier i: DICSC: Taxon identifier i: DICSC: Taxon identifier i 3222. Be strong selective pressure for maintaining small genomes the only other species to this! In the family Dicranaceae ) of this species and its leaves are wet spread! That sporophytes are so common on the Dicranum mosses to dense tufts, light to dark,! On soil leaves are distinctly wavy is an accepted name of a species the! 2-Forked teeth around the mouth of the wind-blown moss genus Dicranum site, species. More detailed level, the capsules dicranum scoparium adaptations fragile cushion moss has no stiff branchlets and its straight leaves have! Retention and photosynthetic water-use capacities suggest two contrasting adaptations to a void damage 2-forked dicranum scoparium adaptations the... Is quite variable in height ranging from 1 to 12 cm high though! Is in the same moss stem that `` many tufted mosses growing in open places have Dicranum... Capsules of fragile cushion moss has no stiff branchlets and its straight leaves usually have their broken! Forest North to N.W.T fact that multiple capsules arise from the uppoer leaf.... Spread more or less at right angles from stem, edges wavy includes Scientific... And Campylopus introflexus are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica to. Encyclopaedia Britannica 's boreal forest North to N.W.T or bases of trees ; occasionally on humus ; common... For the genus Dicranum.Of these 86 are accepted species names flagellum, ' a '.