Considering that almost 60% of the food people eat is ultra-processed food, it’s likely that most red meat consumption is part of an unhealthy dietary pattern. With red meat, your body can utilize about 74% of the meat’s protein, while with white meat your body can utilize about 80% of the meat’s protein. For further information about poultry, see these guides below; What Are Turkey’s Benefits and Drawbacks? Meal 2: McDonald’s meal of a Big Mac with french fries and cola. However, meta-analyses and systematic reviews suggest that these compounds may possibly be a reason meat eaters have a higher (observational) cancer risk (40, 41). Which one should you eat? It’s widely accepted that red meat contains many important nutrients; specifically, protein, vitamin B12, and the minerals iron and zinc. Notably, rates of iron deficiency anemia have been rising over recent years, effectively doubling between 2003 and 2012 in the United States (2). Sometimes this definition may also include fish, but people don’t generally consider fish as a “meat”, so for the purpose of this article we will focus on land animals. Meat is the animal flesh that we consume as food. Additionally, leaner cuts of white meat are among the highest dietary sources of protein. One of the proteins in meat, myoglobin, holds the oxygen in the muscle. This is only a selection of the beneficial compounds we can find in red meat, and there are many more. Red […] As fas as nutritional science are concerned, red meat is any meat that has more myoglobin than white meat, white meat being defined as non-dark meat from chicken (excluding leg or thigh) or fish. Poultry does contain this protein, but in a much lesser quantity than red meat does. However, all four of these meats are relatively nutrient-dense and a good source of minerals. A study published Tuesday in the American Journal … First off, though, what makes red meat, […] How Do These Compounds Differ in Red and White Meat? The amount of myoglobin in animal muscles determines the color of meat. What class particular meat falls under? Generally, it is defined as all fresh, minced, and frozen beef, veal, pork, and lamb, and processed meat preserved by the addition of preservatives or by marinating, smoking, salting, air-drying, heating, or methods other than freezing, which include ham, bacon, sausages, pate, and tinned meat.”. To make it fair, we will use the nutritional profiles of two red meats and two white meats; Let’s now examine how these four meats contrast in terms of fat, carbohydrate, protein, vitamins, minerals, and other bioactive compounds per 100g. Human volunteers were asked to eat diets containing either red meat, white meat, or plant protein , and the results show that the amount of bad cholesterol (LDL) in the blood of people who ate either red or white meat was virtually the same. Whether you consume white meat or red, you’re putting your health at risk, according to a new study published in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. Firstly, this is open to the same criticisms as the association between red meat and cancer. Part of these concerns specifically relate to the high-heat cooking of red meat, and others are about the curing process. But is cutting out red meat a good idea? The findings suggest that factors other than saturated fat may better explain the long-touted link between red meat consumption and heart disease. This line of inquiry warrants a discussion on the meaning of "red meat" versus "white meat," and what those terms really mean. Some people feel that white meat is a vastly inferior source of nutrition than red meat. To summarize, the study found that there is no difference in cardiovascular risk whether eating more or less than 3.5 servings per week. This largely depends on the definition you decide to follow, which ultimately depends on the purpose of searching for examples of red and white meat. "What is processed meat" has been a question on the lips of many after the World Health Organization (WHO) announced... Ahmed is a Food Scientist/Technologist first of all. Which type of meat we eat, in this case, red or white, can be a matter of taste, preference, or for health reasons. It is also a myth that white meat doesn’t contain myoglobin. In fact, the very same paper referenced above explains that; “The definition for red meat varies between studies. Some examples of white meat include chicken, duck, turkey, and other types of poultry. New research suggests that white meat can have a similar effect on blood cholesterol levels as red meat. Now we have established that red meat has a higher amount of beneficial nutrients and compounds, what about the drawbacks? Going purely by the controlled evidence we have, red meat seems to have a neutral impact, and we certainly can’t assume that it is harmful. Furthermore, red meat has been listed by the World Health Organization as a “likely carcinogen” (5). In nutritional science, red meat is defined as any meat that has more of the protein myoglobin than white meat. Red Meat and Cancer: What Do Systematic Reviews Say? Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. This video is about red meat vs white meat, what makes the meat red or white and which one is better for you. Differences Between Red Meat & White Meat With Examples. Usually, these instructions will indicate that it’s better to feed red meat over white meat, and we’ll discuss why. Health Both red and white meat is a good source of protein. (Saturated Fat: SFA | Monounsaturated Fat: MUFA | Polyunsaturated Fat: PUFA). A common example of white meat is the lighter-colored meat of poultry (light meat), coming from the breast, as contrasted with dark meat from the legs. White meat has long been considered more beneficial than red meat, especially in terms of reducing cardiovascular risk. For one thing, it does not have the health concerns that red meat does, and so we often hear it suggested as a replacement. YES, even white meat. Pork is a red meat. Advertising Policy The randomized study , published in June in The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition , analyzed 113 healthy participants who were separated into two groups. Meat is the nutritional source of protein in our diet and provides us with zinc and other vitamins that we need. Notably, these compounds are suspected carcinogens and they form when cooking red meat at high temperatures (38, 39). So, choosing white or red meat depends on the definition you choose. First, it is not confirmed that consuming HCAs or PAHs increases cancer risk. In other words, higher consumption of red meat had no effect on blood pressure, lipoproteins, or other cardiovascular risk factors. That said, the difference between red and white meat isn’t as wide as some people assume, and poultry is also nutrient-dense.

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